Sleeping disorders are not something “in the mind” or purely your imagination as you have probably heard it is a diagnosed medical condition. It has a negative impact on an individual causing him or her significant difficulty to either fall asleep or adversely affect the sleep cycle. Studies have concluded that there are several types of disorders with some types severely affecting normal functioning.
Although there are various kinds of disorders due to psychological and physiological conditions, sleeping disorders and conditions are classified into three main categories. Those are circadian rhythm disorder, dyssomnias, and parasomnias. Three common disorders affecting people include Insomnia, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, and Narcolepsy.
Insomnia is something commonly heard of and defined as an individual’s inability to sleep. It is a serious condition requiring treatment or it could result in severe physical and mental exhaustion. Temporary insomnia is something most people experience at some point in their life, which could be the result of physical disturbances, jet lag, anxiety and stress, depression, etc.
Short-term insomnia is another kind of insomnia and unlike temporary insomnia, it could last several weeks. It is a disorder that could stay for weeks and disappear for weeks before it resurface again. Chronic insomnia is lasting which could include dementia, disturbed cardiac rhythm, anxiety, depression and sleep apnea.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
When a person’s upper airway is obstructed, it is a commonality to suffer from sleep apnea. The symptoms could include paused breathing which are the actual apnea that vary in duration from twenty to forty seconds long. It is not something the sufferer notices unless an observer informs him or her. It is more common in overweight and obese individuals with the main treatment a suggested weight loss program.
Narcolepsy is serious in the fact that it causes sudden sleep attacks and daytime sleepiness. The lowered amount of hypocretin in the brain is the cause and this chemical imbalance regulates normal waking and sleeping cycles. Common symptoms are hallucinations, sleep paralysis or muscle control and daytime sleepiness. Medications include stimulants, sodium oxybate, and anti-depressants.